Stainless Steel Sheave Gauges
Plastic Sheave Gauges with Custom Blank

Buy One get Second at 40% offThe most common question we are asked is when to use a a +5% or a +2.5% Sheave Gauge.
The answer is:

  • +5% Sheave Gauges are designed to determine optimal sheave geometry. They should fit snugly in new or re-machined sheaves. If correctly sized wire rope is run through the sheaves there will be a minimum of friction which should extend the life of the wire rope.
     
  • +2.5% API Sheave Gauges are used to determine when Maximum and Excessive Wear levels has been reached.

In order to ensure optimal performance of sheaves and wire rope both type of gauges should be utilized.
 

+5% NEW SHEAVE GAUGES +2.5% API SHEAVE GAUGES

CORRECT
+5% Sheave Gauges should fit in New Sheaves without any gaps on the bottom or sides.

Correct Fitting of +5% Gauge in a New Sheave Correct Fitting of a +2.5% gauge in a Sheave

CORRECT
+2.5% Sheave Gauges should fit in a Sheave with some space on the side but without any gaps on the bottom.

TOO LOOSE
Sheaves may become wider due to installation of oversized wire rope, wobble due to bearing collapse or due to excessive fleet angle.

TOO LOOSE fitting of a +5% Gauge in a Sheave Maximum Wear of a +2.5% gauge in a Sheave

MAXIMUM WEAR
When a +2.5% Gauge fits in a Sheave without any space on the side or bottom it has reached it's maximum wear point and should be scheduled for replacement.

TOO TIGHT
If there is a gap below a +5%  Gauge it may be excessively worn. Use a +2.5% Sheave Gauge to test if Maximum wear has been exceeded.

TOO TIGHT EXCESSIVE WEAR

EXCESSIVE WEAR
A gap below a +2.5% Sheave Gauge indicates an excessively worn Sheave which should be removed from service at the next opportunity.

NOMINAL WIRE GAUGES GO NO/GO WIRE GAUGES
MEASURE ACROSS THE OUTER EDGE OF TWO STRANDS

MEASURE ACROSS THE
OUTER EDGE OF TWO STRANDS

CORRECT Wire Rope should not fit in Gauge

CORRECT
Wire Rope should not fit in Gauge

MEASURE ACROSS THE OUTER EDGE OF TWO STRANDS

USE LARGER GAUGE

CORRECT Wire Rope should not fit in Gauge

ROUGED WIRE ROPE
Replace if Cable Shows Rust

MEASURE ACROSS THE OUTER EDGE OF TWO STRANDS

USE SMALLER GAUGE

CORRECT Wire Rope should not fit in Gauge

REPLACE WIRE ROPE
When Cable Fits in Gauge

Using a Nominal
Wire Rope Gauge

Only use a wire rope gauge to determine approximate wire rope diameter.
  1. Align the gauge so that the wire can be measured from the outer edge of one strand to the edge of the strand directly opposite.
  2. If the wire rope does not fit in the gauge, use a larger gauge until the wire rope fits in the gauge.
  3. Shine a light behind the gauge.
  4. If you can see light between the gauge and the wire rope repeat with a smaller size gauge until no light shows.

For more accurate measurements use a machinist’s caliper or micrometer.

Using a Go/NoGo
Wire Rope Gauge

Only use a wire rope gauge to determine approximate wire rope diameter.
  1. Align the gauge so that the wire can be measured from the outer edge of one strand to the edge of the strand directly opposite.
  2. If the wire rope does not fit in the gauge it is still above the nominal -3.125% threshold.
  3. If the wire rope fits in the first notch it should be replaced if the cable shows rust (rouge).
  4. If the wire rope reaches to the bottom of the gauge it should be replaced.

For more accurate measurements use a machinist’s caliper or micrometer.